Black History Month: Leon Trotsky, “Closer to the Proletarians of the Colored Races” (1932)

In the Communist movement  in general, and in the Trotskyist movement that I’m most familiar with, I think it’s fair to say without exaggeration or any kind of pandering at all to say that “every month is ‘Black History Month'”.  The history of the long and brutal struggle of people of color against racist oppression is something we study with seriousness at all times, not just for one month a year. 

This month I’ve called attention to several Black History month pieces on Twitter; I reported them essentially as I came across them this month in my usual daily peregrinations across the Internet; and tonight I just came across this very fine short letter from the founder of the Trotskyist movement, the great Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky where he makes some important points on the critical importance for any revolutionary Trotskyist party to recruit workers of every ethnicity into the party, not merely for the purpose of a superficial “diversity” but because in a world where workers of color are the vast majority there will be no international socialist workers revolution unless workers of color are won over to the communist programme.  This is even more critically important in multi-ethnic societies like the United States where workers of color make up a relatively small proportion of the entire working class and “white” workers have been steeped in varying levels of racism from the moment of their birth.  Any “white” communist worker who is uncomfortable working under the leadership of African, Hispanic or Asian communist leaders is simply not worth a damn!

Historically, the communist movement of the USA has been dominated by “white” workers and intellectuals of European ancestry; and these workers have had to struggle to overcome the racist prejudices ingrained in them by their families over decades. In fact, if you’re a  Black or Hispanic or Asian worker in the USA, when you think of an  American “communist” you probably picture a white man or woman. right?  This is in spite of the fact that the largest communist parties in the world are the Chinese, Indian and South African Communist parties, where whites make up only a tiny minority of the membership.  Black, Hispanic and Asian workers who think that being a communist is “a white thing” are probably simply unaware that when you look at the world communist movement as a whole it is very much *not* “a white thing”!

Now I don’t want to suggest that the Independent Workers Party supports these Stalinist “communist” parties politically: we have very significant political differences with them and we have had those differences for the better part of the past century; I’m simply trying to demonstrate that the view of the communist movement that most African-, Hispanic- and perhaps to a lesser extent Asian-American workers (not to mention “white” workers) have of the communist movement is one that you’ve received through the very distorted lens of the racist US bourgeois press which goes out of its way to NEVER show workers of color in the USA images of the membership of the South African Communist Party or of any of the other major communist party gatherings in India or in the rest of the world. They’re afraid it might give you some “bad ideas” lol!

The founders of the Communist “Third International”, led by Lenin and Trotsky, were well aware of the necessity to wage intransigent struggle against any and all manifestations of racism inside the International. In fact it was because they fought so hard against racism that they were able to almost immediately win over the most talented and respected worker-leaders from India, China, Japan and South Africa to the communist movement starting from the moment that the Communist International was formed.  By the end of World War II – just 30 years after the founding of the Third International – the largest communist parties in the world by far were in countries outside of Europe in Asia, India and Africa.

Without any further ado, I present to you this very modest example of the crucial importance one of the great leaders of the Russian Revolution of 1917 laid on winning workers of color from all over the globe to the  revolutionary Marxist/Leninist programme.  His assertions – though they are not made using the more politically correct modern terminology that a communist of the 21st century would use (they were written back in 1932) – are as true today as they were when he wrote them 89 years ago.

— IWPCHI

Leon Trotsky
“Closer to the Proletarians of the Colored Races”
(June 1932)

Written: 13 June 1932.
First Published: In Bulletin of the Russian Opposition, No.28, July 1932.
First Published in English: The Militant, Vol. V No. 27 (Whole No. 123), 2 July 1932, p. 1.
Source: Fourth International, Vol. 6 No. 8, August 1945, p. 243.
Reprinted: Fourth International (Paris), No. 4, Autumn 1958, p. 65.
Online Version: Marxists Internet Archive, 2000.
Transcribed: Sally Ryan.
HTML Markup: Sally Ryan and David Walters.

To the International Secretariat:

(Copy to the National Committee of the American League)

I have received a copy of the letter dated April 26, 1932, sent by an organization of Negro comrades from Johannesburg. This letter, it seems to me, is of great symptomatic significance. The Left Opposition (Bolshevik-Leninists) can and must become the banner for the most oppressed sections of the world proletariat, and consequently, first and foremost, for the Negro workers. Upon what do I base this proposition?

The Left Opposition represents at present the most consistent and most revolutionary tendency in the world. Its sharply critical attitude to any and all varieties of bureaucratic haughtiness in the labor movement makes it possible for it to pay particular attention to the voice of the most oppressed sections of the working class and the toilers as a whole.

The Left Opposition is the target for the blows not only of the Stalinist apparatus but also of all the bourgeois governments of the world. This fact, which, despite all the slanders, is entering gradually into the consciousness of the masses, is bound increasingly to attract towards the Left Opposition the warm sympathies of the most oppressed sections of the international working class. From this point of view, the communication addressed to us by the South African comrades seems to me not at all accidental, but profoundly symptomatic.

In their letter, to which 24 signatures are appended (with the notation “and others”), the South African comrades expressed particular interest in the questions of the Chinese Revolution. This interest, it ought to be acknowledged, is wholly justified. The working masses of the oppressed peoples who have to carry on the struggle for elementary national rights and for human dignity, are precisely those who incur the greatest risk of suffering the penalties for the muddled teachings of the Stalinist bureaucracy on the subject of the “democratic dictatorship.” Under this false banner, the policy a la Kuomintang, that is, the vile deception and the unpunished crushing of the toiling masses by their own “national” bourgeoisie, may still do the greatest harm to the liberating cause of the toilers. The programme of the permanent revolution based on the incontestable historic experience of a number of countries can and must assume primary significance for the liberation movement of the Negro proletariat.

The Johannesburg comrades may not as yet have had the opportunity to acquaint themselves more closely with the views of the Left Opposition on all the most important questions. But this cannot be an obstacle in our getting together with them as closely as possible at this very moment, and helping them fraternally to come into the orbit of our programme and our tactics.

When ten intellectuals, whether in Paris, Berlin, or New York, who have already been members of various organizations, address themselves to us with a request to be taken into our midst, I would offer the following advice: Put them through a series of tests on all the programmatic questions; wet them in the rain, dry them in the sun, and then after a new and careful examination accept maybe one or two.

The case is radically altered when ten workers connected with the masses turn to us. The difference in our attitude to a petty-bourgeois group and to the proletarian group does not require any explanation. But if a proletarian group functions in an area where there are workers of different races, and in spite of this remains composed solely of workers of a privileged nationality, then I am inclined to view them with suspicion. Are we not dealing perhaps with the labor aristocracy? Isn’t the group infected with slave-holding prejudices, active or passive?

It is an entirely different matter when we are approached by a group of Negro workers. Here I am prepared to take it for granted in advance that we shall achieve agreement with them, even if such an agreement is not actual as yet. Because the Negro workers, by virtue of their whole position, do not and cannot strive to degrade anybody, oppress anybody, or deprive anybody of his rights. They do not seek privileges and cannot rise to the top except on the road of the international revolution.

We can and we must find a way to the consciousness of the Negro workers, the Chinese workers, the Indian workers, and all the oppressed in the human ocean of the colored races to whom belongs the decisive word in the development of mankind.

Prinkipo, 13 June 1932

Leon Trotsky

SOURCE: https://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1932/06/black01.htm

 

How to Keep Up with the Latest Data from NASA’s new Mars Perseverance Rover mission

Mars 2020 landing press kit (11MB .pdf)

Homepage of NASA’s Mars2020 Perseverance mission

Last week space exploration junkies the world over witnessed the landing of NASA’s latest Mars mission, the Perseverance rover.  This mission is very exciting in many ways, as it represents yet another tremendous engineering and scientific payload advance over all the previous Mars rovers and promises to deliver major scientific breakthroughs including perhaps identifying fossil evidence of ancient biological processes that may have taken place in an ancient lake on Mars that dried out 3.5–3.8 billion years ago.  It also carries Ingenuity – a specially-designed helicopter which will attempt to perform the very first powered flight of an aircraft on another planet – as well as an experiment that will collect and store samples of rocks and soils for retrieval and eventual return to Earth by later Mars missions.

Ingenuity_landing_press_kit

Every Mars rover has landed in carefully chosen locations that would allow the rovers to utilize their limited scientific payloads to the full extent of their capabilities. Perseverance, which has limited capabilities for discovering fossil evidence of ancient biological processes that may have taken place on Mars, has therefore been landed in Jezero Crater just a few kilometers from the outlet of what appears to have been an ancient river delta’s alluvial fan that emptied out into a large lake or small sea. If conditions ever existed on Mars for the evolution of primitive life forms this is one of the kinds of environments that would have been highly conducive to the evolution of cells and other primitive multicellular life forms.

Perseverance Rover Landing Ellipse in Jezero Crater. The rover’s position is on the right side of the ellipse. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU-Berlin/NASA/JPL-Caltech

 

 

 

 

 

This past week has been taken up primarily with the initial testing of the various elements of the rover to make sure everything’s working fine, and so far it’s been green lights all the way.  Just a couple of days ago we received the video of the landing that you saw at the start of this article; and the first “few” raw images from the rover – a “mere” 5,614 – as the “first sprinkling” of what will soon become a veritable Niagara Falls of data that will be streaming down to Earth from Mars every day for the next several years.

“Jezero and Perseverance Geology”.  Credits: Map by H. Hargitai; Geologic units from Sun and Stack 2020 (USGS SIM3464). Planned Path from JPL/NASA (2-22-2021)

As it happens, Perseverance landed literally on top of a group of very intriguing rocks completely pitted with holes, looking very much like pumice… or (if I might allow my imagination to roam afield “just a bit”) fossilized sea sponges or coral.  

Mars Perseverance Sol 3: Right Mastcam-Z Camera. This image was acquired on Feb. 24, 2021 (Sol 3) at the local mean solar time of 16:17:58.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU

Of course my description of these rocks is purely speculative; but what an amazing bit of luck it was to land literally on top of these very interesting rocks! 

Rather than letting my imagination run wild in describing the environs in which Perseverance now proudly stands, let’s “Tour the Perseverance Mars Rover’s New Home with Mission Experts” instead, shall we?

If the capitalist system produced more positive things like this instead of endless human misery like it tends to do, we wouldn’t be calling for its overthrow.  Unfortunately, that’s not the case; but when the system does hit a home run once in a great while, we’re very happy to acknowledge it and congratulate the opposing team that “wins a game” so gloriously as NASA’s engineers and scientists have just done. Under socialism we’ll be able to enjoy victories like this a lot more knowing that they don’t merely exist as rare moments of humankind’s brilliance against an overwhelming background of crushing racism, poverty and war caused and perpetuated by the very same government. 

—– IWPCHI

#TwitterCensorship: New Accounts on Twitter Immediately Forced to Pass Pro-Democratic Party Political Litmus Test to be Activated

The @iwpchi Twitter account has once again been censored by Twitter for no good reason at all. This is about the fourth or fifth time our account has been shut down by Twitter for alleged violations of the “Twitter Rules” – “rules” that stand in total violation of the US Constitution and Bill of Rights.  It doesn’t matter at all if 99.9999% of our Tweets do not violate the “Twitter Rules”: even one failure to adhere to the COMPLETELY SUBJECTIVE “Twitter Rules” “justifies” terminating the ability of a fledgling political party like ours from participation in one of the most prominent public political forums in existence. How VERY convenient this is for the capitalist class micro-minority to have corporate censors doing what state and national legislatures are legally PREVENTED from doing thanks to the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights!

We have posted literally *tens of thousands* of Tweets since 2012 without violating the sacred “Twitter Rules”; yet if some political opponent of ours submits a complaint to Twitter about the content of even just *one* of our Tweets our account is summarily shut down and we are denied any legitimate opportunity to appeal the censorship. Usually we’re not even told what it was that we supposedly did to “deserve” the suspension of our account. In Silicon Valley the legal due process rights of US citizens have been overthrown and replaced by “Twitter Rules” under which accused persons are judged to be guilty until proven innocent – and then denied any semblance of legal due process! 

This is what we were shut down for this time:

 

 

 

Sick and tired of the idiotic paternalism of Twitter’s automated censorship methods, we decided to try to establish a new account just to see if it would be possible to do so. We set up a bogus email account at gmx.com and then proceeded to set up a new Twitter account.

As soon as our account was created we received the following entreaties from Twitter suggesting we follow these pro-Democratic Party accounts, starting with @JoeBiden and working the way down through the leading #DemocraticParty shills:

 

 

 

 

We immediately took screenshots of this blatantly political pro-#DemocraticParty propaganda and then we proceeded to publish our first Tweet on the website. We did not “follow” any of the Democratic Party Twitter accounts that were suggested to us.  Immediately, our account was locked and we were forced to either submit a telephone number or have our account locked out indefinitely.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is this if not the most blatant political censorship in the history of the USA? Would we have had our account locked out immediately if we had “followed” the @JoeBiden account?

Obviously, the censorious swine running Twitter have serious objections to the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights; and especially to the right of free speech which is legally considered to be an “inalienable right” of every citizen in the USA (subject only to very limited restrictions that have been worked out through the legal system over the past 240 years). 

The working class of the USA simply cannot allow the US Constitution and Bill of Rights to be superseded by the idiotic “Twitter Rules” promulgated by Silicon Valley billionaires! If Twitter continues to repudiate the Constitutional rights of US citizens to speak their minds freely on a corporate website whose services were created and launched from the USA and that were ostensibly set up to provide the citizens of the US and the world a free online forum for discussion of every topic under the sun, then we say Twitter needs to be brought under the legal formulae that regulate every other public utility and that require those utilities to provide full service to every US citizen regardless of race, creed, color or political opinion.

Of course as revolutionary Trotskyists we understand that the free speech rights of workers will never be protected under the class rule of the capitalist class. Only after capitalism is overthrown and a revolutionary socialist workers state established can the working class attain true free speech rights that will be truly “inalienable”. But that doesn’t mean that the working class has to stupidly submit to being muzzled by the billionaire scum at Twitter or any other capitalist enterprise. The working class supermajority has the power to put a permanent end to every attempt made by the capitalist microminority to regulate what the working class is “allowed” to think and to discuss!  This censorship of working-class political speech must end right now!

All social media organizations must be forced to adhere to the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights when it comes to the inalienable right of workers to freely speak our minds – no matter how objectionable our ideas are to any member of the capitalist class!  We are not the slaves of our capitalist masters – and we will not stand by idly as we are gagged by Silicon Valley shitweasels who think that they have the “right” to overthrow the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights!  

—IWPCHI

Celebrating Black History in Portsmouth: “The Black Regiment”

#BlackHistoryMonth Celebrating Black History in Portsmouth: “The Black Regiment” Another great article by Rhode Island historian Gloria Schmidt sketches out the history of the very first Black regiments in US military history.

portsmouthhistorynotes

On February 14, 1778, the Rhode Island Assembly voted to allow “every able-bodied Negro, mulatto, or Indian slave in this state to enlist into either of the Continental Battalions being raised.” The Assembly specified that: “every slave so enlightening shall, upon the passing muster before Colonel Greene, be immediately discharged from the service of his master or mistress and be absolutely free.” Owners of the slaves enlisted were to be compensated by the Assembly for the market value of the slave.

Before 1778 Blacks had not been allowed to serve in the Continental Army. Rhode Island had trouble meeting its recruitment quotas with just white men, so General Varnum wrote to George Washington with the idea of allowing the ranks to be filled with Black and Native Americans. He asked Washington to send soldiers from Valley Forge to recruit these men.

Camp [Valley Forge] Janry 2d 177[8]1 Sir—The two…

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The KKK in Portsmouth

Another hideous racist New England historical skeleton dragged out of its well-hidden closet by Rhode Island historian Gloria Schmidt. Do not fail to read the Rhode Island Historical Society article linked to in this article. Although it’s creepily pro-Klan it has a wealth of information embedded (and misrepresented) in it. —IWPCHI

portsmouthhistorynotes

We don’t usually picture Portsmouth as a town that would host a meeting of the Ku Klux Klan. As I research Portsmouth history I can take pride in the examples of integration in Portsmouth schools, churches and in the community in general. But Portsmouth is a town like any other town, and bigotry did exists, especially in the 1920s. Accounts in the Newport Mercury in May of 1924 record a “Fiery Cross” being burnt in a field near the Newport County Fair Grounds. Abby Sherman’s Diary on May 26, 1924 reads: “Last Night the Fiery Cross was burned on the hill on the Cory land by the Klan. There were about 200 at the meeting.” * I believe the Cory Farm was where St. Barnabas Church is today.

Fiery Cross Burns in Portsmouth

Abby’s son, Arthur Sherman, was among those listed as members of the Klan. Arthur was a prominent…

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Paleontology: Gideon Mantell’s 1825 Paper on the Discovery of Iguanodon

Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil, from the sandstone of Tilgate, in Sussex By Gideon Mantell from The Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society of London, 1825. Drawings by Mary Ann Mantell.

Illustrations from “Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil, from the sandstone of Tilgate, in Sussex By Gideon Mantell” from The Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society of London, 1825. Drawings of fossil Iguanodon teeth (figures 1-7) by Mary Ann Mantell.

 

Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil, from the sandstone of Tilgate, in Sussex By Gideon Mantell_rstl.1825.0010_iwpchi edited version. (PDF, 9 pages)

Today as I was doing my usual surfing of the Internet in pursuit of the answer to some random question that popped up in my mind – this time it was “Why were dinosaurs so large?” – I stumbled across a number of journal articles on paleontology.  Then I wondered if I could find copies of the very first scientific papers ever published on the dinosauria – and I ran across the famous 1825 publication in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London by Gideon Mantell: “Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil, from the sandstone of Tilgate, in Sussex. By Gideon Mantell, F. L. 5. and M. G. S. Fellow of the College of Surgeons, In a Letter to Davies Gilbert, Esq. M. P. V. P. R. S. &c. &c. &c. Communicated by D. Gilbert, Esq.” It’s a classic scientific essay of course… but like many works of the period and earlier, the writer chose to include in his paper a section of a letter he received from the famous French paleontologist Georges Cuvier written in French.

So I decided to take a shot at making the essay more accessible by doing a Bing Translation and reworking the .pdf of Mantell’s paper to include the French translation of Cuvier’s remarks.  It was easy to do, though I had to make a couple of judgement calls when Bing failed to translate a word or phrase intelligibly.  It won’t be long now before no one will have to study foreign languages anymore as we’ll be able to do computer translations in real-time using voice-recognition software:  already, the Bing translations are pretty good as you’ll see with this example. 

The fascinating thing is that once I’d done the translation I was reading a Wikipedia article on Mantell’s wife Mary Ann Mantell who, some historians say, was the actual discoverer of the Iguanodon’s teeth; and that article gave a completely erroneous characterization of Cuvier’s analysis of the strange fossil teeth the Mantells had sent to him to identify!  It’s a commonly repeated story that Cuvier dismissed the fossil teeth as being merely rhinoceros teeth or fish teeth when he first inspected some of them which the Mantells had given to famed British geologist Charles Lyell  to bring to Cuvier for analysis in 1823 – which is only partially true, apparently.   Cuvier did initially dismiss the teeth as being those of a rhinoceros – but he retracted that analysis the next day.  Lyell, (though a brilliant scientist and the acknowledged “father of Geology” and one of the very first to recognize the tremendously long age of the Earth) was a religious man and would later on be a lifelong skeptic of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection; he may not have wanted to pass on to the Mantells Cuvier’s “second thought” that the teeth were from an unknown herbivorous reptile; he may have thought it was an outrageous assertion.

When Lyell returned from his visit with Cuvier and brought the Mantells the half-truth that Cuvier had dismissed the fossil teeth as having come from a rhinoceros, the Mantells were, not surprisingly disheartened.  However, in 1824 they were visited by another brilliant British geologist and paleontologist: William Buckland.  He examined the teeth and concluded that they were in fact the fossil teeth of a giant saurian.

Encouraged by Buckland’s assessment of their finds, the Mantells sent several teeth to Cuvier for a second opinion; and this time Cuvier responded enthusiastically and with amazing precision and accuracy in a letter to Gideon Mantell: 

“These teeth are certainly unknown to me; they are not [from] a carnivore animal, and yet I believe that they belong, given their little complication, their serrating on the edges, and the thin layer of enamel that revet them, to the order of the reptiles. The outside appearance could also be taken for fish teeth similar to tetrodons, or diodons; but their internal structure is very different from those of [that type]. Wouldn’t we have a new animal here, a herbivorous reptile? and just as in the land mammals today, it is among the herbivores that larger species are found, as well as in the reptiles of yesteryear, when they were the only terrestrial animals, would not the largest of them have fed on vegetation? Some of the large bones you have belong to this animal, unique, until now, in its kind. Time will confirm or disprove this idea, since it is impossible that one day a part of the reunited skeleton will not be found with portions of jaws bearing teeth. It is this last object above all that it is a matter of searching with the most perseverance.”  [Bing Translation from letter, Cuvier to Mantell, 1824; edited by IWPCHI]

So, strangely enough, I found myself once again editing and correcting a Wikipedia article based upon my own amateur research.  This is happening quite a lot these days and is one of the most enjoyable experiences I’ve ever had!  The Internet is such a tremendous resource for researchers it is hard to overstate its importance.  Almost any question I have or fact I need to look up can be answered or found in just a few minutes and with extreme precision in most cases.  Resources like the Internet Archive provide me with almost any book I can imagine, including every important rare scientific or history book I have ever searched for.  It’s become a rare event for me to not be able to locate an original source document for almost any question in history or science.  I hope that the youth of today realize how very lucky they are to have been born in this time in which all the world’s knowledge is available within a few minutes. Any youth (or adult lol) who uses the Internet only to play video games and for entertainment purposes is doing themselves a tremendous disservice.

—- IWPCHI

BREAKING: Get Your First Look at the Data on Adverse Effects of the New COVID-19 Vaccines as Reported by the US CDC’s Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)

We are in the process of publishing a list of raw data from the US Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) relating to the new #COVID19 vaccines.

Our search was for all adverse reactions reported so far between October and December 2020 to today’s date (2 January 2020).  We searched for vaccines from all manufacturers by manufacturer name, adverse reactions, and age (although it appears that in this set of data only the Pfizer/Biontech vaccine is represented).  Our search returned “353 total events”; but it appears that some patients reported multiple symptoms and so they are represented more than once on the list.

Considering that there are supposedly many hundreds of thousands of people who have received these vaccines, this list can not be said to represent the “typical” experience of those who were vaccinated so far.  It’s impossible for us to characterize this data in any was as representing either a positive or negative development in the overall vaccination program.

There were no deaths reported in this data though there were some people who experienced very severe symptoms who had to be hospitalized.  A cursory review of the date we’ve seen so far indicates that people of all ages reported adverse reactions to the vaccinations – young and old.  But again, we’re not doctors and so we are not qualified to evaluate this data in terms of how well or poorly these results are.  We leave that up to those of you among our readers who are so qualified.

To start your own search go to https://wonder.cdc.gov/vaers.html and click on the “Request Form” button at the top of the page to get to the screen shown below.

These images below show the parameters we used to do the search: once you make all your selections (be sure to tick the “Export Results” and “Show Totals” boxes on panel #12 nearest the bottom) you hit the “send” button at the bottom of the page and you get your results either as a downloadable text file or you can review the results by clicking on the “Results” tab above section #1 (immediately below this note).

Happy searching!  Scroll down to get to the data; click on an image to get a larger image.

—- IWPCHI

“Dataset: The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)”
“Query Parameters:”
“State / Territory: The United States/Territories/Unknown”
“Vaccine Products: COVID19 VACCINE (COVID19)”
“VAERS ID: All”
“Group By: Symptoms; Vaccine Type; Vaccine Manufacturer; Age; VAERS ID”
“Show Totals: False”
“Show Zero Values: Disabled”
“—“
“Help: See http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/vaers.html for more information.”
“—“
“Query Date: Jan 2, 2021 7:59:14 AM”
“—“
“Suggested Citation: United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Public Health Service (PHS), Centers for”
“Disease Control (CDC) / Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) 1990 – last month,”
“CDC WONDER On-line Database. Accessed at http://wonder.cdc.gov/vaers.html on Jan 2, 2021 7:59:14 AM”
“—“
Messages:
“1. The full results are too long to be displayed, only non-zero rows are available.”
“2. VAERS data in CDC WONDER are updated every Friday. Hence, results for the same query can change from week to week.”
“3. These results are for 353 total events.”
“4. When grouped by VAERS ID, results initially don’t show Events Reported, Percent, or totals. Use Quick or More Options to”
“restore them, if you wish.”
“5. Click on a VAERS ID to see a report containing detailed information for the event.”
“—“
Footnotes:
“1. Submitting a report to VAERS does not mean that healthcare personnel or the vaccine caused or contributed to the adverse”
“event (possible side effect).”
“—“
Caveats:
“1. <p> VAERS accepts reports of adverse events and reactions that occur following vaccination. Healthcare providers, vaccine”
“manufacturers, and the public can submit reports to VAERS. While very important in monitoring vaccine safety, VAERS reports”
“alone cannot be used to determine if a vaccine caused or contributed to an adverse event or illness. The reports may contain”
“information that is incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental, or unverifiable. Most reports to VAERS are voluntary, which means they”
“are subject to biases. This creates specific limitations on how the data can be used scientifically. Data from VAERS reports”
“should always be interpreted with these limitations in mind. </p> <p> The strengths of VAERS are that it is national in scope”
“and can quickly provide an early warning of a safety problem with a vaccine. As part of CDC and FDA’s multi-system approach to”
“post-licensure vaccine safety monitoring, VAERS is designed to rapidly detect unusual or unexpected patterns of adverse events,”
“also known as “”safety signals.”” If a safety signal is found in VAERS, further studies can be done in safety systems such as”
“the CDC’s Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) or the Clinical Immunization Safety Assessment (CISA) project. These systems do not have”
“the same limitations as VAERS, and can better assess health risks and possible connections between adverse events and a vaccine.”
“</p> <p> Key considerations and limitations of VAERS data: <ul><li> Vaccine providers are encouraged to report any clinically”
“significant health problem following vaccination to VAERS, whether or not they believe the vaccine was the cause. </li><li>”
“Reports may include incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental and unverified information. </li><li> The number of reports alone”
“cannot be interpreted or used to reach conclusions about the existence, severity, frequency, or rates of problems associated”
“with vaccines. </li><li> VAERS data are limited to vaccine adverse event reports received between 1990 and the most recent date”
“for which data are available. </li><li> VAERS data do not represent all known safety information for a vaccine and should be”
“interpreted in the context of other scientific information. </li></ul> </p>”
“2.”
“3. Some items may have more than 1 occurrence in any single event report, such as Symptoms, Vaccine Products, Manufacturers, and”
“Event Categories. If data are grouped by any of these items, then the number in the Events Reported column may exceed the total”
“number of unique events. If percentages are shown, then the associated percentage of total unique event reports will exceed 100%”
“in such cases. For example, the number of Symptoms mentioned is likely to exceed the number of events reported, because many”
“reports include more than 1 Symptom. When more then 1 Symptom occurs in a single report, then the percentage of Symptoms to”
“unique events is more than 100%. More information: http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/vaers.html#Suppress.&#8221;
“4. Data contains VAERS reports processed as of the previous Friday. The VAERS data in WONDER are updated weekly, yet the VAERS”
“system receives continuous updates including revisions and new reports for preceding time periods. More information:”
http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/vaers.html#Reporting.&#8221;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

~~Fin~~

1975 Church Committee Report On “Alleged [CIA] Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders”

CIA_Alleged Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders_Vol 3-8

We are pleased to publish yet another disgusting chapter in the long, sordid history of the United States Government – namely, the long-standing policy of the micro-minority capitalist ruling class of the USA that it has the “right” to murder any foreign leader (or domestic leader we might add) that they do not like. Our hope is that by publishing these proofs of the murderous nature of the US capitalist class the workers of the USA will finally rise up and overthrow their bloodthirsty oppressors.

The US capitalist class and its bought-and-paid-for #BourgeoisPress has spent the better part of the last 4 years frantically screaming about “Russian meddling” in the 2016 US Presidential election – despite the fact that no hard evidence of any serious effort by Russia was ever launched that could have seriously disrupted the 2016 Presidential election.

This is a 376-page declaration – produced by the US Government itself – that proves that not only does the US Government “meddle” in foreign elections, it actually murders candidates it deems to be “opposing #USNationalInterests(TM)”!  The fact is that for over a hundred years, the US capitalist class micro-minority and their government have overthrown governments all over the world; and have never hesitated to assassinate political leaders that dared to oppose them – both internationally and domestically.

Unless the US working class rises up and overthrows its despotic capitalist ruling class that robs them blind 24/7/365 and murders our sisters and brothers all over the world 24/7/365 the other 95.5% of the world’s population will be forced to unite and destroy the USA from coast-to-coast and line-to-line – just as the “Thousand-Year_Reich” of Nazi Germany was destroyed by a united world in 1945.

The future of the United States is in the hands of the working class of the United States: will you continue to support and defend your murderous capitalist masters or will you rise up and overthrow them? If you choose to defend them then you and your families will be destroyed in a nuclear WWIII!

So wake up, US slaves! Don’t tie yourselves and your children to the mast of the sinking USS Capitalist Class! Unite and fight for an egalitarian socialist future in a socialist workers republic run by YOU!

— IWPCHI